Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California tested positive for the coronavirus, her office said on Thursday, the latest high-profile official to do so as the virus spreads through Washington.
Drew Hammill, a spokesman for Ms. Pelosi, said she was asymptomatic, and had previously been vaccinated and boosted. He added that Ms. Pelosi, 82, had tested negative earlier this week.
Lawmakers and their staffs on Capitol Hill were informed on March 30 that they were now allowed to receive a second booster dose if they met criteria, after federal health officials cleared them for many people the day before. Ms. Pelosi received her second booster last month, according to her office, and it takes about a week for the immune system to ramp up. It is difficult to know exactly how someone was exposed to and infected with the virus.
“The speaker is fully vaccinated and boosted, and is thankful for the robust protection the vaccine has provided,” Mr. Hammill said, adding that she would isolate consistent with guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The speaker “encourages everyone to get vaccinated, boosted and test regularly,” he said.
Ms. Pelosi, who is second in the line of succession to the presidency after Vice President Kamala Harris, was among the lawmakers who appeared maskless with President Biden at a bill-signing ceremony at the White House on Wednesday.
On Thursday, the White House said that Mr. Biden tested negative Wednesday evening, and despite interactions in recent days and Ms. Pelosi’s presence at White House events, she was not considered a close contact of the president, defined by the C.D.C. as someone less than six feet away for more than 15 minutes over a 24-hour period. Mr. Biden would continue to be tested regularly, the White House said.
At a news briefing on Thursday, Jen Psaki, President Biden’s press secretary, said that there were “incredibly stringent protocols” at the White House that went beyond C.D.C. guidelines. “Every member of the staff is on a regular testing protocol,” she said. “If you’re going to see him in person, whether you were traveling with him, or you’re meeting in the Oval Office, you will be tested.”
Ms. Pelosi’s positive test came just before her weekly news conference, which was subsequently canceled. Mr. Hammill said that a planned congressional delegation to Asia, which Ms. Pelosi had been scheduled to lead, would be postponed.
A string of positive coronavirus tests in Washington has been reported among top officials who attended the Gridiron Club dinner, an annual black-tie roast between journalists and presidential administrations held over the weekend. Two Biden administration officials, Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo and Attorney General Merrick B. Garland, said Wednesday that they had tested positive for the virus.
But Ms. Pelosi did not attend the dinner, her office said on Thursday. Mr. Biden also did not attend the Gridiron, but he has appeared, mask-free, at several events this week.
This week, Representatives Joaquin Castro of Texas and Adam B. Schiff of California, both Democrats, said they had tested positive after attending the Gridiron. Other Democrats who did not attend the dinner have announced positive tests, including Representative Katherine M. Clark of Massachusetts, the assistant House speaker, and Representative Scott Peters of California.
Another Washington, D.C., politician, Muriel Bowser, the mayor, said on Twitter on Thursday that she tested positive a day earlier and was experiencing mild symptoms.
Journalists and administration officials who attended other recent parties and events have also reported that they had contracted the virus.
As of Wednesday, an average of 144 new virus cases per day were reported in Washington, D.C., a 135 percent increase over the last two weeks, according to a New York Times database.
Katie Rogers, Adeel Hassan and Alyssa Lukpat contributed reporting.